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米国空爆作戦 – U.S. Bombing Strategy

August 5, 2011

David Fedman and Cary Karacas, A cartographic fade to black: mapping the destruction of urban Japan during World War II, Journal of Historical Geography (2012) 38: 306-328.

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Conrad Crane. Bombs, Cities, and Civilians: American Airpower Strategy in World War II. Lawrence, Kan.: University of Kansas Press, 1993.
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E. Bartlett Kerr. Flames over Tokyo: The U.S. Army Air Force’s incendiary campaign against Japan, 1944-45. New York: D.I. Fine, 1991.

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Michael Sherry. The Rise of American Power: The Creation of Armageddon. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1987.

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Ronald Schaffer. Wings of Judgement: American Bombing in World War II. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

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Charles Maier. “Targeting the city: Debates and silences about the aerial bombing of World War II.” International Review of the Red Cross 87.859 (2005): 429-444.

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Mark Wilson. “Making ‘Goop’ out of Lemons: The Permanente Metals Corporation, Magnesium Incendiary Bombs, and the Struggle for Profits During World War II.” Enterprise & Society 12.1 (2011): 10-45.

Analysis of development and use of magnesium incendiary bombs, which were used as part of a large-scale incendiary bombing raid on Tokyo, May 25-26, 1945.

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Mark Selden. Remembering ‘The Good War’: The Atomic Bombing and the Internment of Japanese-Americans in U.S. History Textbooks.
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Mark Selden. A Forgotten Holocaust: US Bombing Strategy, the Destruction of Japanese Cities and the American Way of War from World War II to Iraq.
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Thomas R. Searle. “‘It Made a Lot of Sense to Kill Skilled Workers’: The Firebombing of Tokyo in March 1945.” The Journal of Military History 66.1 (2002): 103-33.

An essential analysis of both the firebombing of Tokyo and the general incendiary bombing campaign against urban Japan, which Searle argues was fully planned in 1943.

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William Ralph. “Improvised Destruction: Arnold, Lemay, and the Fireboming of Japan.” War in History 13 (2006): 495-522.

In what may be read as a response to Searle’s “It Made a Lot of Sense to Kill Skilled Workers” article (see above), Ralph argues that “there was little systematic and nothing pre-ordained about the course of the campaign, made possible because the most senior leaders abrogated their responsibility to oversee and perhaps check the incendiary campaign and the destruction and death that accompanied it” (from abstract).

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Gordon Daniels. “The Great Tokyo Air Raid, 9-10 March 1945.” Modern Japan: Aspects of History, Literature and Society. Ed. W. G. Beasley. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977. pp. 113-31 and 278-9.

A relatively early (and still among the precious few) English-language extended discussion of the first major fire bombing raid on Tokyo, Japan.

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Wesley Craven and James Lea Cate, eds. The Army Air Forces in World War II, Volume Five, the Pacific: Matterhorn to Nagasaki June 1944 to August 1945. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953. An official history of the U.S. strategic bombing campaign against Japan. (This is a public domain document).

「第二次世界大戦に於ける陸軍航空軍、第五巻、太平洋戦争:マッターホルン作戦から長崎まで・1944年6月ー1945年8月」、シカゴ大学出版局、1953年。(パブリックドメイン)。

Volume 5, The Pacific – Matter Horn to Nagasaki, June 1944 to August 1945

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Haywood Hansell. The Strategic Air War against Germany and Japan: A Memoir. USAF Warrior Studies. Eds. Richard H. Kohn and Joseph P. Harahan. Washington D.C.: Office of Air Force History, United States Air Force, 1986.

「日本とドイツに対する戦略爆撃: ヘイウッド・S・ハンセルの回想録」

Hansell, The Strategic Air War Against Germany and Japan – A Memoir

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Alvin Coox. “Air War Against Japan,” in Case Studies in the Achievement of Air Superiority, 1994, edited by Benjamin Franklin Cooling. Air Force History and Museums Program: Washington D.C., 383-452.

Coox, The War Against Japan

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John Chilstrom. 1993. Mines Away! The Significance of US Army Air Forces Minelaying in World War II, Maxwell Air Force Base, Air University. Part of this thesis discusses “Operation Starvation” – the aerial mining campaign against the Shimonoseki Strait and Japanese ports.

Mines Away

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Kreis, J.F. Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War II. Washington D.C.: Bolling AFB, Air Force History and Museums Program, 1996.

Kreis, Piercing the Fog